Careers in Sustainable Energy

19 June, 2021

a windmill creating sustainable energyThe sustainable energy job market and the industry as a whole are poised for significant, global growth. As it becomes more cost effective to leverage clean and renewable energy sources, many organizations need professionals and leaders who not only understand the sustainable energy market but have the broad understanding of economics, business process, policy and finance to translate sustainable energy goals into actionable, strategic plans.

In this article, we’ll explore a selection of sustainable energy careers that align well with the skills and expertise taught in our MA in Sustainable Energy (online) program. However, this is only a sample of the types of careers available, and there are many other career paths where sustainable energy is a major facet of the work even if it is not the exclusive focus.

If you have questions about potential career outcomes or want to know more specifically about how our degree aligns with your personal goals, you can request more information about the program here, or chat with an admissions counselor directly.

You can also visit our sustainable energy master’s curriculum page to see a full course list with descriptions.

An Exceptional Time for a Career in Sustainable Energy

The global momentum for sustainable energy shows no signs of slowing down, and recent events have highlighted the sector’s resilience even in the face of a global pandemic. In the first quarter of 2020, for example, overall global energy demand declined nearly 4%, while sustainable energy in particular saw 1.5% growth compared to the first quarter of 2019.

The sustainability and sustainable energy job market also benefits from building momentum, especially in areas where employers struggle to find qualified talent, such as finance, operations and management. According to the Environmental and Energy Study Institute, renewable energy careers are among the fastest-growing segments within the U.S. energy sector. This is due to increasing employment in areas like wind and geothermal power as well as growth in renewable fuels such as corn ethanol and wood biomass.

“The sustainable energy industry grapples with complex challenges in economics, technology, and governance. Solving problems in this industry requires a solid technical foundation, but understanding economics, finance, policy processes, and politics is equally important. The MA in Sustainable Energy program at Johns Hopkins University adds unique value by preparing students to deal with all this complexity.”

—Johannes Urepelainen

Director and Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz Professor of Energy and Environment

The Skills Gap in the Sustainable Energy Job Market

The sustainable energy skills gap is especially prominent in emerging energy markets. In Kenya, for example, the percentage of the population with access to energy doubled from 23% to 56% between 2009 and 2016. Yet, according to Rebekah Shirley, Chief Research Officer at Power for All, countries across Sub-Saharan Africa are struggling to find the talent to fully achieve their energy and sustainability goals.

“Despite growing demand for home solar systems and other off-grid renewable energy solutions in Africa and Asia, there is a growing shortage of job-ready talent to finance, develop, install, operate and manage these systems,” Shirley wrote.

The same skills shortages have also been noted in analyses looking at the United States. Despite being one of the fastest-growing renewable energy segments in the country, for example, U.S. wind power employers said they had difficulty hiring for two-thirds of all occupations they needed to fill in 2019. The roles employers struggled with the most were also spread across many disciplines, including government regulation and policy, research and economics.

Master’s in Sustainable Energy Careers

The types of roles you can fill in sustainable energy include a variety of technical and non-technical positions. These roles typically fall into several broad areas, including energy consulting, economics, finance, public policy and research. These opportunities can also be found in a range of different organizations, such as:

  • Local and Federal Government
  • Government Relations
  • International Organizations
  • Nonprofits
  • Energy Trade Organizations
  • Utilities
  • Market research

While the MA in Sustainable Energy program at Johns Hopkins University is not designed to prepare students for technical roles, applicants with technical backgrounds often have valuable context and understanding for guiding policy and consulting with organizations to determine the feasibility of sustainable energy initiatives. So, the Johns Hopkins SAIS sustainable energy master’s program can act as an excellent career enhancement for those interested in using their existing technical expertise to guide sustainable energy policy, research and investment.

Sustainable Energy and Sustainability Job Titles

There are a wide variety of sustainable energy jobs available for roles such as analyst, management, researcher and others. These roles represent a broad sample of careers available in the field, and the key skills and responsibilities required are equally varied. While this market is defined by change, we believe many of the foundational skills — such as economics, finance, research and policy — that are critical to solving today’s sustainable energy challenges will remain essential as the sustainable energy job market continues to grow.

Here is a quick overview of the job titles covered in further detail below:

Sustainable Energy Job Title Median Salary
Project Manager/Developer/Director $91,455
Program Officer $76,304
Sustainability Specialist $82,180
Energy Analyst $69,779

Salary data compiled from and Glassdoor.

Sustainability Specialist

Sustainability specialists help organizations develop plans and policies for executing their goals that reduce their environmental impact. This work may involve developing strategic plans to reduce overall energy usage and waste, procuring energy from renewable sources and reviewing how an organization’s policies compare with local, state/province, and national regulations.

One of the key areas of work for sustainability specialists is to determine the feasibility of initiatives that help their organizations reach carbon neutral or carbon negative status, and then making recommendations for how to achieve these goals. This may involve creating short- and long-term plans for sourcing renewable energy, as well as identifying renewable energy distributors for their organization to pursue power purchase agreements.

For example, Microsoft has set a goal to reach carbon negative status by 2030. As part of this initiative, the company is evaluating its entire supply chain, including the way it sources energy and the carbon footprint of its partners and suppliers.

Sustainability consulting careers offer a wide range of salaries depending on factors such as professional experience and work environment., a platform that aggregates job posting data, estimates Market Salary by drawing on advertised information and using machine learning to extrapolate other factors. reported that salaries for sustainability specialists range from $69,050 to $96,320 with a median of $82,180.

Program Officer

Program officers are responsible for guiding and evaluating a nonprofit or government agency’s strategies for addressing issues like sustainability. This role involves a blend of research, management, leadership and analysis skills to ensure that stakeholders across their organizations can implement policy and process changes effectively. In larger organizations, there are roles for policy leaders with specific focus areas (e.g., Director of Sustainability Policy), while similar roles in smaller organizations are likely to have a considerable breadth of responsibilities. State government organizations, for example, have regulatory policy directors who spearhead initiatives related to both sustainable and non-sustainable energy.

These professionals can make a dramatic impact on an entire region’s ability to adopt clean energy and shift to more sustainable practices. They may guide programs that make implementing clean energy practices more feasible for consumers and encourage sustainable energy research and development. In China, for example, the government subsidizes research in two key areas: showed salaries ranging from $67,141 to $86,982 with a median of $76,304.

Energy Analyst

Energy analysts help organizations and consumers make better decisions related to energy procurement and usage. Many of these roles have a sustainable energy or sustainability component in them, and some companies have begun hiring analysts focused entirely on sustainability. Analyst roles may also be focused on specific subsets of sustainable energy (e.g., alternative fuels, electric power generation).

These roles are typically research- and analytics-intensive, and analysts may be responsible for presenting data to stakeholders within their organization and to customers or partners. For example, one of the responsibilities of energy analysts working in utility companies is to provide pricing and risk models to determine the feasibility of specific projects or larger strategic initiatives, such as where to build new energy distribution infrastructure and what energy sources to use. Technology and services companies also hire energy analysts to review utility and usage data, economic trends and other indicators to help guide the development of new services or make cost savings estimates for customers and prospects.

According to, energy analysts and auditors salaries ranged widely from $62,546 to $78,984 with a median of $69,779.

Project Developer/Project Director/Project Manager

Project developers or project directors focused on sustainable energy oversee the development and construction of new energy infrastructure. They may be involved in coordinating different stakeholders and ensuring that new development projects follow best practices as well as local, state and federal policies. They can also be involved in creating financial and energy generation models, reporting to regulatory agencies and interfacing with engineering and construction teams to resolve issues.

The expertise required for this career path broadly covers project management, supply chain and logistics, finance, communication, quantitative analysis, business process improvement and more. There are also a variety of technical project management roles within this field — these roles require an understanding of the technology driving sustainable energy as well as how to lead engineering teams in addition to traditional project management skills. According to Burning Glass, the following skill categories are in highest demand for project management professionals working in the utilities sector:

  • Budget Management
  • Business Process Analysis
  • People Management
  • Project Scheduling
  • Supply Chain Logistics and Procurement
  • Construction Management
  • Cost Estimation

“Government, business, and civil society leaders around the world have recognized the urgent need for ambitious climate action. A sustainable energy system is key to avoiding climate disruption, and demand for low-carbon energy sources will continue to growth rapidly both in the United States and globally. The sustainable energy industry will be a major source of well-paying, impactful jobs as the global economy recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic.”

—Johannes Urepelainen

Director and Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz Professor of Energy and Environment

About the MA in Sustainable Energy (online) Program at Johns Hopkins SAIS

The sustainable energy master’s program at Johns Hopkins University is uniquely tailored to fit the demands of the sustainable energy sector. Created by Johns Hopkins SAIS faculty with input from industry experts and employers, the program’s curriculum is designed to help graduates elevate their expertise in finance, economics and policy, while also helping them become more effective researchers.

The challenges we face in transitioning to sustainable energy are global in nature, and, as a top-11 global university, Johns Hopkins is uniquely positioned to give graduates the skills they need to thrive in many different professional environments, including in government agencies, utility companies, energy trade organizations, global energy governance organizations and more. Students enrolled in the Johns Hopkins SAIS sustainable energy degree program benefit from our global perspective, our industry connections, our highly engaged 230,000+ alumni network and our high-touch career services.

Disclaimer: This content has not been peer reviewed and is for informational purposes only.

Request Information

To learn more about the MA in Sustainable Energy (online) and download a brochure, fill out the fields below, or call +1 410-648-2495 or toll-free at +1 888-513-5303 to talk with one of our admissions counselors.

Johns Hopkins University has engaged AllCampus to help support your educational journey. AllCampus will contact you shortly in response to your request for information. About AllCampus. Privacy Policy. You may opt out of receiving communications at any time.

* All Fields are Required. Your Privacy is Protected.